Transdermal progesterone cream as an alternative progestin in hormone therapy.

Authors: Leonetti HB, Landes J, Steinberg D, Anasti JN.

Publication Year: 2005

Citation: Altern Ther Health Med 2005; 11(6):36-38.

This study evaluated the endometrial effects and determined patients’ acceptance of transdermal progesterone cream (PC) compared to standard hormone therapy.  Healthy menopausal women were recruited and received a pretreatment endometrial biopsy (EMB). They were randomized to 0.625 mg conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) daily and 2.5 mg medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) (PremproTM) or daily 0.625 mg CEE and twice daily 20 mg transdermal PC (Pro-gest®). At the end of 6 months, a repeat EMB was obtained, and the women were crossed over to other treatment. A final EMB was performed after the final 6 months.  Twenty-six women completed both arms of the study. Seventy-seven percent of women preferred the CEE/PC to the CEE/MPA (P<.001). Of the 52 post-treatment endometrial biopsies: 40 revealed atrophic endometrium and 12 proliferative endometrium (7 in the oral progestin group and 5 in the PC group). There was no evidence of endometrial hyperplasia in any of the specimens. The incidence of vaginal spotting was similar in both groups.  Conclusion: Patients preferred transdermal PC over oral MPA. These preliminary data indicate that CEE/PC has a similar effect on the endometrium as standard (CEE/MPA) oral HT over a 6-month period.