Hormones in wellness and disease prevention: common practices, current state of the evidence, and questions for the future.

Authors: Schwartz ET, Holtorf K

Publication Year: 2008

Citation: Prim Care 2008;35(4):669-705.

This review examines the role of hormones as critical components of overall wellness, and therefore the potential for disease prevention of ensuring that hormone levels are optimal.  The authors outline age-related hormone deficiencies and supplementation strategies.  The review covers estrogens, progesterone, testosterone, growth hormone and thyroid hormones, covering not only the effects of deficiency and the risk/benefit of supplementation, but also controversies surrounding such treatment.  The diagnosis of hormone deficiency and monitoring of treatment is also discussed.