Breast cancer incidence in women with a history of progesterone deficiency.

Authors: Cowan LD, Gordis L, Tonascia JA, Jones GS. Publication Year: 1981 Citation: Am J Epidemiol 1981; 114:209-17. 1083 infertile women were followed for 14-34 years. Those who were deficient in progesterone showed a five-fold greater incidence of premenopausal breast cancer. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7304556

Antiestrogen action of progesterone in breast tissue.

Authors: Mauvais-Jarvis P, Kuttenn F, Gompel A. Publication Year: 1987 Citation: Horm Res 1987;28(2-4):212-8. In a review of international literature on the cellular effects of progesterone on both normal breast cells and breast cancer cell lines, the authors conclude that most data indicate progesterone and progestins have an antiestrogenic effect on the breast, as reflected …

Double-blind controlled trial of progesterone vaginal cream treatment for cyclical mastodynia in women with benign breast disease.

Authors: Nappi C, Affinito P, Di Carlo C, Esposito G, Montemagno U. Publication Year: 1992 Citation: J Endocrinol Invest 1992;15(11):801-6. Eighty regularly menstruating women with mastodynia were studied to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of vaginally administered micronized progesterone. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups, with all participating in a control cycle prior …

The proliferation of normal breast tissue implanted into athymic nude mice is stimulated by estrogen, but not by progesterone.

Authors: Laidlaw IJ, Clarke RB, Howell A, Owen AW, Potten CS, Anderson E. Publication Year: 1995 Citation: Endocrinology 1995;136(1):164-71. Normal human breast tissue was implanted subcutaneously into athymic nude mice. The mice were then treated with estradiol or progesterone such that serum levels approximated those seen in normal menstruating women. Immunocytochemical measures were made of …

Serum progesterone and prognosis in operable breast cancer.

Authors: Mohr PE, Wang DY, Gregory WM, Richards MA, Fentiman IS. Publication Year: 1996 Citation: Br J Cancer 1996;73:1552-5. Higher blood levels of progesterone measured during surgical treatment of breast cancers were associated with significantly better survival, especially in women who were node-positive (P<0.01). There was no significant relationship between estradiol levels and survival. This …

Progestins and breast cancer.

Authors: Pasqualini JR, Paris J, Sitruk-Ware R, Chetrite G, Botella J. Publication Year: 1998 Citation: J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 1998;65(1-6):225-35. This review article outlines the many functions of progestogens in hormone-dependent and independent breast cancer and suggests new clinical applications for their use in the treatment of breast cancer. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9699877

Estradiol and progesterone regulate the proliferation of human breast epithelial cells.

Authors: Foidart JM, Colin C, Denoo X, Desreux J, Beliard A, Fournier S, de Lignieres B. Publication Year: 1998 Citation: Fertil Steril 1998;69(5):963-9. In this double-blind randomized study to evaluate the effects of estrogen and progesterone on normal breast cells, 40 postmenopausal women received daily topical application of a gel containing either placebo, estradiol, progesterone, …